Water Treatment Methods : Water Softening


How Does A Water Softener Work?

A water softener works by passing the incoming hard water through a resin tank, which contains thousands of  ion exchange resin beads. These resin beads attract and retain any hardness (primarily calcium and magnesium) in the water i.e. scale and scum, that causes damage to your pipes, hot water heaters, washing machines, dish washer, all water using appliances.

When the resin becomes saturated with hardness, It needs cleaning and regenerating for continued use. This is done by rinsing them with a weak solution of brine (salt and water which is stored in a brine tank).
The brine together with the previously collected hardness is then automatically flushed down the drain. This process takes place automatically as determined by the softener control valve, with all the home or business owner having to do is ensure the softener brine tank is kept full of salt

In conclusion, water softeners are self-backwashing systems  that automatically remove the trapped particles within the filter bed and washes them down the drain. This is accomplished with the electronic control valve that is mounted on top of the softener. .This valve is controlled by a meter, that calculates the amount of water being used. Once the meter reaches x amount of gallons, It then initiates the backwash cycle that cleans and regenerates the resin bed and resets it for the next period of filtration.

Residential Hard Water Softener Systems:

Well water softeners - Softens hard well water

Whole house water softeners City Water

Whole house water softeners with chlorine bad tastes and odor filtration 

Commercial Water Softeners:

Commercial Water Softener Systems

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